The genesis of ecosystem services

Environmental Economics

The  Chronicle of Higher Education profiles Gretchen Daily and the  Natural Capital Project : No one knew exactly how the science of ecosystem services would work, beyond the idea that it would combine ecology with economics.

Why Is Biodiversity Important to Ecosystems?


Biodiversity, short for biological diversity refers to the variety of life. That area can be as large as the earth itself or it can be in a very small ecosystem such as the life in and surrounding a patch of moss on a fallen tree trunk. Biodiversity and the ecosystem sustainability.

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Recovery: The Return of Native Fish, Victims of Bucket Biology

Nature Conservancy - Science

Rotenone, applied in modern fisheries management at less than 100 parts per billion , has never been seen to harm a human, wild mammal, bird or reptile or to permanently affect an aquatic ecosystem except to restore it. “Conservation” is no longer enough.

Putting a price tag on ecosystem services

Green (Living) Review

By Michael Smith (Veshengro) A recent article in the New York Times about the work Stanford University biology professor Gretchen Daily is doing in Africa and Costa Rica highlights the importance of ecosystem services, or putting a value on ecosystems. and he also explained as to why we should put a price tag on ecosystem services. InVest includes coastal and marine ecosystem services. There are companies who seek to quantify ecosystems.

Woodpecker Skull Design, Novel Ecosystems, Yawning Wolves and More

Nature Conservancy - Science

I hate that new stuff : Are novel ecosystems cheapening restoration policies? Fewer than 5% of papers in the top 20 conservation biology journals are open access. Conservation Biology). Woodpeckers pound their heads repeatedly with no ill effects. What can we learn from them?

UN launches Decade on Biodiversity to stem loss of ecosystems

Green (Living) Review

In his own statement at the launch of the Decade, Mr. Akasaka stressed that stable ecosystems have the capacity to create jobs.

Study: Water Ecosystems Impacted By Boat Turbulence

Eco Friendly Daily

Zooplankton are a key element of water ecosystems as they are near the bottom of the food chain. Zooplankton are known to be disturbed by turbulence, however, a new experiment found that turbulence from boats my have an unknown number of potential impacts on water ecosystems.

Rising to the Challenge of Biodiversity Conservation in a Human-dominated World

Nature Conservancy - Science

In a recent peer-reviewed article in the scientific journal Conservation Biology , I propose a framework that conservation organizations can use in today’s complex world to set objectives and plan strategies to achieve them.

Genetic Engineers and Conservation Biologists: Scenes From a First Date

Nature Conservancy - Science

Fast forward a week later and I was in Cambridge, England, along with Conservancy Chief Scientist Peter Kareiva, at an international conference organized by the Wildlife Conservation Society on the topic of synthetic biology and how it may influence the future of nature and conservation.

Like to Eat? Then You Should Care About Biodiversity

Nature Conservancy - Science

Farming and ranching can be converted from a global environmental problem into the leading edge of an effort to avert looming biological disaster – and farmers themselves can become more productive and profitable.

2018 64

New Study: Marine Protection Goals Are on Target, But Still Not Enough

Nature Conservancy - Science

This study was the first to plot MPAs alongside coastal density, finding that most MPAs are in areas far away from people, in remote ecosystems that typically have high levels of biodiversity and few conflicting demands for ocean space. MPAs of the Future: Protecting for Ecosystem Services.

Cities, Biodiversity and Governance: Perspectives and Challenges of the Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity at the City Level

The Green Changemakers

City governments can contribute more to implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), as the 2010 target to reduce the rate of biodiversity loss set by governments during the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 is not being achieved.

Can We Restore…Everything? 100 Words from Hobbs, Ellis, Marvier & Others

Nature Conservancy - Science

The paper’s authors, led by Carolina Murcia of the University of Florida and the Orgainzation for Tropical Studies, said the evidence is clear: Any ecosystem can be restored, given enough resources. The answers are as various as ecosystems, novel or otherwise. Novel Ecosystems.

2015 83

New Science Shows Seagrass Meadows Suppress Pathogens

Nature Conservancy - Science

And her thoughts immediately jumped to the seagrass ecosystems around the islands where she and her colleagues worked with collaborators at Hasanuddin University in Indonesia. Seagrass ecosystem in Spermonde Islands ©Joleah Lamb. NatureNet Fellows Science Update.

2017 96

Can we talk about Cecil the Lion?

10,000 Birds

Conservation is concerned about protecting populations, species, habitats, ecosystems. And increased Nyala have overgrazed the endangered Sand Forest ecosystem in the park, and reduced cover for the Suni means that tiny antelope has been declining… In such a situation, inaction condemns a threatened ecosystem and a number of species dependent on it vulnerable to oblivion. Conservation conservation biology hunting lionsHi there.

2015 199

Embracing Your Future: Natural Swimming Pools

The Alien Next Door

You reach the floating station, which serves as an algal farm to capture biological fuel. NSP schematic Natural swimming pools are balanced living aquatic ecosystems, you reflect. Including the frogs and that little water strider for their role in providing a healthy ecosystem.

2014 202

Private Sector Biodiversity Commitments Leveraged by CBD COP13

Conservancy Talk

Biodiversity was high on the agenda in Mexico when the country hosted the 13 th Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) last month.

Hero Against the Bully: Rachel Parent and GMO Labeling

The Alien Next Door

The Right To Know Rachel Parent No matter what people might believe about GMO and its effects on ecosystem function, biological integrity and human health, enough concern has been raised to warrant clarity in product description.

2013 152

Nature’s Climate Solutions

Conservancy Talk

What we now need is a clear understanding of which biological systems offer the most feasible carbon storage opportunities and the new business models that can enable large-scale replication. Climate change is one of the most pressing challenges facing our planet today.

How much bird is there, anyway?

10,000 Birds

Where the abyss touches the sky: A Booby and Noddy ecosystem. Birds Bird Evolutionary Biology body sizeI was looking out a car window the other day and noticed that of all the wildlife most of it was bird.

2011 217

A Cash Crop of Costa Rican Mammals (with a Sloth Cameo)

Nature Conservancy - Science

One promising solution is Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES), a system in which people are paid to protect areas of land that benefit people in a variety of ways. That is one goal of the PES program in Costa Rica and the National Biological Corridor Program.

The Cooler: Conservation’s Identity Crisis

Nature Conservancy - Science

Against a backdrop of growing global resource demand and climate change — as well as emerging technologies, such as synthetic biology — that are wreaking philosophical havoc, finding the answers is urgent.”. Jon Hoekstra species decline synthetic biology Identity crisis?

New Report: What Will the Urban Century Mean for Nature?

Nature Conservancy - Science

That’s the question tackled by the new UN report “ Global Urbanization, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities , ” released on Friday. There is added incentive to protect ecosystems when their value is quantified in economic terms.

2013 81

Evidence-based Conservation: An Economic Perspective

Nature Conservancy - Science

Yet, for many interventions, that evidence base currently is less than solid, especially interventions that aim to increase the provision of ecosystem services. Conservation Biology 25(5):1032-1043. Conservation Biology 15:50–54. The San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area.

Monsanto and GMOs: a Model of Greed

The Alien Next Door

In this model companies invest heavily in research and development and recoup the expenses through the use and enforcement of biological patents. Its seed-patenting model has been rightly criticized as biopiracy and threatens ecosystem biodiversity.

Greed 154

Meet the NatureNet Fellows: Dan Auerbach

Nature Conservancy - Science

That kind of expansive perspective is typical of Auerbach, who sculpted and studied literary criticism and molecular biology as an undergraduate. “I Most people who are diverting water to irrigate their fields aren’t interested in harming the ecosystem and spoiling our heritage.

2014 80

Meet the NatureNet Fellows: Joleah Lamb

Nature Conservancy - Science

Her study of tourism operations – published in Conservation Biology – led to several immediate and important management changes in the marine park. NatureNet Fellows Coral Reefs disease Ecosystem Services NatureNet tourism Joleah Lamb, NatureNet Science Fellow.

2015 83

Rights of De-extinct Animals, Dark Money, Magic Mushrooms & More

Nature Conservancy - Science

Not so…finds a study in Biology Letters analyzing famine frequency and severity in a large, cross-cultural database. Biology Letters). Why more biodiversity = more ecosystem resilience : the definitive takeout? Siberian wooly mammoth from The Ivory King.

Why The Nature Conservancy is Restoring Streams by Acting like a Beaver

Nature Conservancy - Science

The goal of beaver dam analogues (BDAs) is to provide short-term structural complexity that facilitates dynamic physical and biological processes. From the Field Wildlife Ecosystem Services Field Notes Mammals Resilience Restoration Water Wetlands

Q&A with Ian McAllister: Protecting the World’s Largest Remaining Temperate Rainforest

Conservancy Talk

The region represents half of Canada’s Pacific coast and is comprised of a thousand uninhabited islands, two thousand river valleys hosting wild salmon and one of the largest unexplored, unprotected marine ecosystems on earth.

2015 84

Flying Snakes, White Green Roofs, Why Agoutis Should Sleep in & More

Nature Conservancy - Science

Resolved: Ecosystem Services — for or against? Conservation Biology). The Cooler Africa conservation agouti Climate Change Copenhagen cuthroat trout Ecosystem Services jellyfish migration

2014 75

Review: Wildlife Conservation Society Birds of Brazil – The.

10,000 Birds

What does a field guide that covers one of the most biologically diverse countries look like? Briefly, the Pantanal “is a seasonally flooded wetland covering more than 80,000 square miles&# and the Cerrado is “a distinctive Brazilian habitat as well as one of the planet’s biologically richest savannas.&# Both are under threat from a variety of interests, and those threats and possible solutions that would allow at least some of the habitat to be conserved are discussed.

Brazil 195

The Traveling Naturalist: To the Bat Cave!

Nature Conservancy - Science

The Traveling Naturalist, our series featuring natural wonders and biological curiosities for the science-inclined wanderer. These bats are not just a tourist attraction, but also a valuable ecosystem service.

2013 76

A Breakthrough for Data-Poor Fisheries Starts in Palau

Nature Conservancy - Science

At its most basic, the technique uses two pieces of local data — size of fish and maturity of fish — combined with existing biological information to produce a ratio of spawning potential.

Palau 86

Locally Based Monitoring: Are Scientists at Risk of Losing Their Day Jobs?

Nature Conservancy - Science

For one, people who use natural areas possess a wealth of knowledge of these ecosystems, making it a no brainer to involve local people in conservation. Michelle Venter studies whether local monitoring efforts might be just as effective as monitoring completed by professional scientists.

I'm at the 4th National SSC Meeting!

Environmental Economics

Topics to be addressed include ecosystem considerations in the fishery management process as well as an examination of how social and economic considerations can be incorporated in both traditional single species and ecosystem based fishery management.

Debate: What Good Are Planetary Boundaries?

Nature Conservancy - Science

The major disagreements of the evening came over 1) whether outlining global limits for the stable functioning of nature (as opposed to tipping points for individual ecosystems) is good science — and 2) whether “limits” are the correct approach to achieving environmental goals.

Working with Farmers and Nature

Nature Conservancy - Science

We know that agriculture is dependent on often undervalued ecosystem services, from pollination to nutrient cycling ( Power 2010, Wratten et al. Ecosystem services in biologically diversified versus conventional farming systems: benefits, externalities, and trade-offs.

2011 61

NPR: How To Put A Value On Oil Damaged Life In The Gulf

Environmental Economics

NPR : A law passed after the Exxon Valdez oil spill requires the government to assess the biological damage from big spills so fines can be fixed and damage paid for. The National Academy of Sciences has a report describing the methods and metrics of determining the "ecosystem services" that have been lost due to the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. In some ways, ecosystem services valuation is a rose under a different name (here is the ecosystem valuation website ).

2011 132

5 Ideas to Green up Your City


As traditional ecosystems are altered to support complex urban infrastructure, the original wildlife is often not able to keep up with those sudden changes in available resources and begins to strive. Yet, bees are a very important part of a functioning ecosystem.

2020 62

10 Ways to Conserve Biodiversity


ecosystems to function and humans to thrive. Without biodiversity in an ecosystem we would not have the many plants and animals we find in our world today, including us. The different plants and animals in an environment work together to maintain balance in the ecosystem [1].

2018 89

California Kelp Contaminated by Fukushima Radiation

Sustainability Ninja

Steven Manley, a biology professor who specializes in kelp, said that “kelp forests are some of the most productive ecosystems on Earth, and one thing about it is it has a large surface canopy which means it is continually exposed to the air and whatever contaminants are in it.”

What Are the Major Threats to Biodiversity?


Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems. . Let’s consider a simplified example of the biodiversity within a tropical rainforest ecosystem. Further reading: Why Is Biodiversity Important to Ecosystems? We cannot buy an ecosystem.

2018 73